Diabetes is a disease which usually affects the normal way the body uses the blood sugar or glucose. The disorder is caused by failure of the pancreas to produce enough insulin, or the body cells failing to respond properly to the insulin produced. Basically, glucose is essential for human health since it is one of the main sources of producing energy in the body for proper functioning of the cells. However, when insulin is inadequate or not properly regulated, it eventually results in increased level of glucose.
Types of Diabetes
This type is characterized by loss of the beta cells of islets of Langerhans found in the pancreas; the cells are responsible for producing insulin in the body. Generally, lack of these cells consequently leads to insulin deficiency. Insulin is known to regulate the level of glucose; therefore lack of insulin will mean that the glucose content will abnormally increase thus leading to serious damage to body organs. Patients with type 1 diabetes usually need insulin injections their whole life. They are advised to pay close attention to particular living styles and health to make sure that the glucose content stays balanced.
It is characterized by production of inadequate insulin, or the body cells failing to react to insulin produced. It is commonly known as insulin resistance. Type 2 is very common compared to type 1 and is often associated with obesity. A patient diagnosed with this type of disease may be able to control his/her symptoms by embracing a healthy diet, exercising frequently, and monitoring the level of glucose.
It is similar to type 2 as it involves a combination of relatively inadequate production of insulin and responsiveness. It usually occurs in pregnant women and poses a like hood of increasing the risk of health problems developing in the unborn. Some women normally have high levels of blood glucose of which the body is not able to produce adequate insulin to regulate it. In fact, pregnancy has a possibility of making the existing type 1 to become worse.
Signs and symptoms of Diabetes
- Feeling tired most of the time
- Feeling very thirsty
- Experiencing a blurred vision which is due to the lens of the eye becoming dry
- Losing weight along with muscle bulk
- Feeling itchy around the vagina or penis, or regular episodes of thrush
- If you have a cut or wound and takes time to heal
- Treatment and prevention
Embracing a proper diet is known to be effective in preventing the disease. The diet should be rich in fiber, whole grains, polyunsaturated fats which are found in nuts, and fish. It is important to limit sugary beverages and consume less red meat and other saturated fats as it can help in prevention.
Using anti diabetic medications to lower the levels of glucose. They are available both in oral and injection form, for example, metformin and insulin respectively.
Surgery in which a pancreas transplant is performed for patients with type I diabetes; they usually have severe complications thus requiring kidney transplantation.